关于the concluding sentence写作的几个建议

     结论句(the concluding sentence),一般作为文章或者段落的结尾,其重要性不言而喻了吧。the concluding sentence通常与主题句一样包含有段落的中心思想,然而所用措辞与主题句不同,所以写好the concluding sentence也是至关重要。本文中小编就告诉大家几个写the concluding sentence的建议,或许对大家的写作有些帮助。

1)把握主题句的关键词
例如在关于“cigarette smoking”的示范段落1-1中,中心思想是“the health problems caused by cigarette smoking,关键词是“health problems”。

2)总结细节,回答主题句中隐含的问题。
在上述示范段落中,隐含的问题是“What are the health problems caused by cigarette smoking?”结论句作出的回答是It is identified as one of the chief cause of death in our society.

3)用不同的措辞表达同一中心思想。
在上述段落中,主题句的关键词是“health problems”,而在结论句中,关键词是“causes of death”。

示范段落1
Our neighborhood has been greatly changed.When I last visited there,about half the homes had been torn down to make way for a superhighway.The remaining buildings were plastered with billboards and surrounded by traffic signs and litter.Now the whole neighborhood has become dirty,noisy and full of cars.
示范段落分析
主题句:Our neighborhood has been changed.
主题句关键词:changed
主题句隐含的问题:“How has the neighborhood changed?
细节:1.a superhighway built—noisy and full of cars

2.full of billboards,traffic signs and litter—dirty
结论句:Now the whole neighborhood has become dirty,noisy andfull of cars.
结论句关键词:dirty,noisy and full of cars
结论句总结了细节并回答了主题句提出的问题。

下面是一个简单的结尾句写作练习,快来看看你是否能按照上面的建议给出答案呢?
Exercise 6-1
Directions:Read the following paragraph.Find out the topic sentence and the concluding sentence,and rearrange the details so that the paragraph will make sense.
①In less than three years the farm had gone to pieces.②All the windows had been broken out of the big two-story farm house.③In the front of the house the grass was about three feet tall andthe barn yard was full of weeds instead of pigs squealing to be fed.④There were no more cows to milk or horses to ride.⑤My grandmother’s farm has a lot of enjoyable memories for me,but after she died,I left home to join the army and when I returned,I was disappointed at the changes that had taken place.⑥Paint was peeling off the house and the porch roof was sagging.⑦Lively as the place had been before my grandmother died,it seemed to have died with her now.⑧This farm had once been lively with the noise of a tractor plowing the land and a dog barking whenever someone came up to the house.
Topic Sentence:________Supporting Details:________
Concluding Sentence:_________

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