When you are writing a methodology, keep in mind you are supposed to explain your basic research plan. You need to begin with a few introductory lines that restate your purpose for research. It is alright to use the basic phrases and statements you used for the Introduction chapter. Then you need to begin writing the following information for your methodology chapter:
当你写一个方法论时，记住你应该解释你的基本研究计划。 你需要从几个介绍性的行开始，重申你的研究目的。 可以使用用于简介章节的基本短语和语句。 然后，你可以按照下面的信息来写你的方法论章节：
This is the part where you explain your basic research conducted using population or samples considered. You need to define the population or sample you have taken into consideration. Then you need to explain how many participants or samples were included in the study and the way you selected them.
这是解释使用人口或考虑样本进行的基础研究的部分。 需要定义你已考虑的总体或样本。 然后，需要解释研究中包括多少参与者或样本以及你选择它们的方式。
The instrumentation part is where you explain the calculations, techniques, procedures, calibration plots and equipment used, whichever is applicable for your paper. If you have conducted a survey, explain how, when, why you conducted it and if you are using a survey conducted by someone else, make sure you state the source. You should include the original copy of the survey in the appendix and state in your methodology that the survey is included in the appendix
仪器部分是paper写作过程中解释计算，技术，程序，校准曲线和使用的设备。 如果你进行了调查，解释如何，何时，为何你进行了调查，如果你使用的是由别人进行的调查，请确保做好引用来源。 你应该将调查的原始副本包括在附录中，并在你的方法中说明调查包含在附录中。
Time Period and Procedure
Another important aspect of methodology is to explain when you began conducting your research and the time it ended or will end. You should also explain any of the procedures you followed while conducting the research such as filling consent forms by the participants, instructions handed out to the participants, etc.
Now comes the most significant part of writing a methodology. You need to analyze the data you acquired in detail. You need to answer each of the research questions you have to address. Perform statistical tests specifically that helps identify the dependent and independent variables in the data (if present). You can even explain the computer software that was used to help you come to the conclusion.
现在是编写方法的最重要的部分。 你需要详细分析你获取的数据。 你需要回答你必须解决的每个研究问题。 具体执行统计测试，帮助识别数据中的依赖和独立变量（如果存在）。 你甚至可以解释用来帮助你得出结论的计算机软件。
In case of the instruments you have used for your research, for example, a survey, you need to prove its validity as well as reliability. Validity is the accuracy of your measurement. You need to include the face validity of your survey, content validity that covers the topic and construct validity that refers to the theories you have used to explore the survey. Reliability is the stability of your research over time. If your survey consists of a measurement that can undergo random error, your survey loses its reliability.
在你用于研究的仪器（例如，调查）的情况下，你需要证明其有效性和可靠性。 有效性是你的测量的准确性。 你需要包括调查的面部有效性，涵盖主题的内容有效性，以及构成有效性，这些有效性是指用于探索调查的理论。 可靠性是你的研究随着时间的稳定性。 如果你的调查包含可能出现随机误差的测量，则你的调查失去其可靠性。
Obviously as you are writing a research paper, you will need to propose assumptions. You will need to specifically state the different assumptions made to support your research questions.
Limitation and Scope
Limitation and scope is the part and parcel of every research study. Scope is the extent to which the research can be expanded and limitations include the time constraints, loss of participants, etc. The quality of the research takes a downfall with the increasing number of limitations.
When writing a methodology, always use past tense. Provide detailed information for your research, so that another researcher can use it for his/her experiments. Do not include any unnecessary information or outcomes that do not hold enough relevancy. Make sure you proofread your research paper as many times you can, to minimize the number of errors, typos and grammatical mistakes.
当写一种方法时，总是使用过去时态。 为你的研究提供详细信息，以便另一位研究人员可以将其用于他/她的实验。 不要包含任何不相关的不必要的信息或结果。 确保你多次校对你的研究论文，以尽量减少错误，错字和语法错误的数量。