想清楚这些必要问题是完成高质量高水平的作业的前提

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在国外留学的学子们要想完成高质量高水平的作业(assignment与essay),那么首先就要在心里想想这些基本必要的问题,等有了这些问题的轮廓之后,相信留学的朋友都能够写出满意自足的essay或assignment

1. Why write a scientific paper?
l Advance Knowledge in your research field with evidence;
l Explain your ideas;
l Two key components in a research paper:
l An explicit claim on your contribution on a research problem;
l Evidence to support your claim;
l Your contribution can possibly be a refutation of a hypothesis of the present problem.

2. What to claim for a scientific paper? 什么样的观点能够成为科学性论文论述的内容?
l Your technique solves a problem for the first time;
l Your technique performs better in the following aspects:
l Higher success rate
l Coverage
l Efficiency
l Usability
写文章也不要考虑面面俱到!一两个切入点就好,要层层深入,细节透彻!

3. Typical Structure of a Research Paper
l Title: Catchy and Indicative of your research contribution (吸引眼球并有意义)
文章题目越短,被接收的可能性反而越大
l Abstract: include the following items
l A summary of the research problem;
l Your claim;
l The evidence;
l Introduction: include the following items (the most important part!)
l Motivation
l A re-statement of Abstract
l Significance (重要性)
l An outline of the rest of the paper
l Related Work: 与你的论文问题相关的资料
l A critical review 批判的眼光对待以前及现有的方法
l 强调你的创新点
l Problem Statement and algorithm design: explain your idea in detail
l Evaluation: Evidence to support the claim of your research contribution
除非能用理论证明你的观点,最好要有实验结果与数据
l Conclusion & Summary of the research contribution

4. What to know before you write? 写论文前要知道些什么
l Assess the audience:给谁写
l Assess the purpose
l Read other people’s writing from the forums that you are targeting
要知道你的敌人是谁!看哪些人在做类似的工作
l Follow the rules

5. 如何写高质量论文?
(1) Choose a promising topic 选题很重要
(2) How to present a convincing case?
l What exactly is the problem being solved? 你的文章解决什么问题
l How are your ideas significant?
l Is all related work referenced and reviewed?
l Comparative studies with previous work are needed.
l Has your system implemented? 文章提出解决问题的方法是否实现了
(3) In-Depth Analysis of Empirical Results
写清实验细节Enough details for your experiment settings
有没有其它的可能实验途径?alternatives
实验结果是否一致并有结论性?Are the results consistent & conclusive?
实验中重要参数调整与选择的方法和原因
实验结果与前言(introduction)动机是否一致
实验过程中好的结果加以学习,坏的结果记录下来让他人避免
(4) Introduction 前言
l 1/3-2/3 rule from reviewer’s perspective:
l 1/3 time to read your introduction & make a decision
l 2/3 time to find the evidence for decision
l A good introduction with a good motivation is half of your success!
l Include the following items:
研究的问题;动机;技术贡献;证据;重要性;文章概要Outline

6. How to publish?
Reading and citing relevant paper from the premier forums! (must)
技术进步文章是主题文章,应用型文章必须要强调创新点(innovation)

7. How to deal with feedback?
(1) How to deal with Handling Editors?
l Be polite, but to the point;
l Ask for a change, if a clearly biased or unfair case;
(2) How to deal with conflicting review reports?
l 杂志(Journal Submissions):Provide a point-by-point statement of change! 将每个审稿人修改意见列出,并说明所作的修改
l 会议(Conference)
(3) How to deal with “arrogant” and “ignorant” reviewers?
Provide a gentle statement for the “unreasonable” criticisms;
Try and resolve some of their comments 尽量按他们的意愿改
Your attitude to the reviewers is important! 修改稿可以再投

8. 以上最重要的9点总结:
l 文章要有好点子和证据;
l 忌讳面面俱到
l 明确有哪些障碍
l Choose a promising topic确定一个鲜明的主题
l 保持实验数据前后一致,注重科学的严谨
l 前言或起序很重要
l 引论关联领域的文章 premier forums
l 做好详细的修改报告
l 用宽容、平和的态度对待审稿意见

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