一般刚开始的lab report老师都会给指定的实验让大家做，做完以后分析数据，然后解释结果。一般主流的lab report都分为以下几个部分：abstract，introduction,methods，data analyze，results和discussion。下面就来看看Meeloun为大家搜罗的具体的Lab Report写作格式详解吧，虽然事英文版的，相信留学生小伙伴们都能看得懂哦。
Labs are an extremely important and helpful part of the climate course in that they require you to think in depth and detail about its material on a regular basis. While each lab may differ slightly in its mechanics, below are outlined some general recommendations for completing each lab and its associated lab report which will facilitate the exercise for both you and the people evaluating your lab reports.
Read through the instructions for the lab exercise.
What are the goals of the lab exercise?
What data will be examined? How will an examination of this data help to achieve the goals of the lab exercise?
If there are several data sets, are there any physical relationships we know that relate the variables?
Work through the exercise. Consider the answers to any questions asked in the exercise as notes for the scientific essay you will hand in.
As you work through the exercise, you should constantly be asking yourself:
What are the relationships you observe in the data?
Do you know of any underlying physical principles which might produce the relationships you observe?
Is there a common theme to the relationships you observe in the data? Are these relationships relevant to the goals of the lab?
LAB REPORT FORMAT:
After each lab you will complete a 1-2 page report carefully constructed to express your major observations and findings. Keep in mind the comprehensive and detailed format you may have encountered in lab reports for other science courses: could someone duplicate your experiments upon reading your report? The brevity of your report requires that you attempt a concise writing style, touching only upon your most important observations and results. Nevertheless, you must also present as much supporting detail as is necessary to support your conclusions and allow the reader to understand the logic by which you obtained them.
Think of the report as a scientific essay. It will have a title and sections containing:
A brief description of what should be included in each of these sections is included below.
Title. The title should summarize, as specifically as possible, the subject of the lab.
Introduction. Your introductory paragraphs must include:
Purpose: A single, concise statement of the major objective of the lab, i.e. what are the questions you are tying to answer.
Background: A brief summary of the topic being investigated, including any information which may be necessary in order to understand your stated purpose of the lab.
State the major results/findings of the lab exercise.
Procedure. Include the information necessary to allow someone to repeat what you did.
What data did you use?
Include geographic locations, definitions of key terms, and anything else necessary in order to understand exactly what you did.
Observations and Results.
What did you observe in each part? Include all observations made at the suggestion of the lab exercises. Always include the units of physical quantities and label axes of plots.
Describe any relationships that you observed between variables.
Where appropriate include figures, graphs and calculations.
Discussion. This is the most important part of the lab, as it is where you interpret your observations and results.
Give explanations for and implications of any relationships observed. Were the relationships as you expected from underlying physical principles?
What are the main sources of uncertainty in interpreting your observations?
Address any interesting questions you may have had as you were working through the lab exercises, as well any general questions included in the lab exercises.
Can you make any generalizations? Why or why not?
Conclusion. Summarize your results, the main points of your discussion, and how they relate to your stated purpose of the lab. It is a good idea to include how the main points of your discussion are connected, in order to demonstrate the overall significance of your findings and the concepts you learned.
AFTER WRITING YOUR ESSAY:
Make sure your writing is clear. If you read it aloud to yourself or a friend, does it make sense? Don’t forget to use the spell-checker in your word processor.
Check to be sure you addressed all the questions included in the lab exercise.